The list of Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmarks, as designated by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers since it began the program in 1971. The designation is granted to existing artifacts or systems representing a significant mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical Engineering Heritage Sites, or particular locales at which some event or development occurred or which some machine, building, or complex of significance occupied.
As of 2013, there are 251 landmarks included on the list - Texas Holds 18 Titles.» Complete List of Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmarks on Wikipedia
» Interactive Map of Landmark Locations on ASME
1840 Victoria Dutch Windmill
The windmill was built in 1870 and is probably the last remaining windmill of European design in the Southwestern United States. Standing 35 feet high and supporting four 15-foot blades, the Dutch turret-mill style windmill was constructed by German immigrant Fred Meiss, Jr. and Otto Fiek near Spring Creek. The turret-style allowed the top to be turned so the sails face the wind.
Victoria Dutch Windmill, Read More »
Engiens of our Ingenuity - Episode # No. 537: VICTORIA "DUTCH" WINDMILL, by John H. Lienhard
1909 - Hughes Two-Cone Drill Bit
The key technology that allowed drilling through hard rock to tap vast oil reservoirs much deeper than previously possible, significantly improving the efficiency and reducing cost of drilling.
On July 29, 2009, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) designated the Hughes Christensen Two-Cone Drill Bit as a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark - #246 Read More »
1911 - Pullman Sleeping Car Glengyle
Pullman often adopted new technology, making his cars mechanically well-engineered structures.
He was one of the first to use the enclosed vestibule, a diaphragm between cars, the Westinghouse air brake, Janney knuckle couplers, steam heating, Pintsch gas lamps, and electric lighting. The Glengyle was honored an ASME Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1987, Read On »
1914 - Burton Farmers Gin Mill
The Burton Gin was designed and built in 1914 by the Lummus Cotton Gin Company then restored to full operation in 1994. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and was honored as Landmark #173 in 1994, - Read More »
1914 Reciprocating Steam Engines
The pair of four-cylinder, triple-expansion engines provided 14,000 horsepower to each twin-screw shaft and traveled 21.05 knots at 125 revolutions per minute.
ASME Landmark #10 - Reciprocating Steam Engines, Read More »
Read More About The USS Texas »
1922 - Cameron Ram Type Blowout Preventer
The Cameron ram-type blowout preventer was the first successful blowout preventer (BOP) for oil wells. It was developed by James S. Abercrombie and Harry S. Cameron in 1922. The device was issued U.S. Patent 1,569,247 on January 12, 1926. The blowout preventer was designated as a Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 2003. The Cameron Ram Type Blowout Preventer BOP, Read More »
1922 - Letourneau Mountain Mover Scraper
First efficient one person operated earthmoving scraper utilizing a generator and electric motors to control the scraper blades from the tractor seat. History of Rig Scrapers @ Letourneau University, Read More »
1927 - Texas Pacific 610 Lima Superpower Steam Locomotive
American Freedom Train
The 4'-8.5" guage, I1a class locomotive is the last surviving "Texas" Class to be owned by T&P. It is also the the sole surviving example of the earliest form of the super-power steam locomotives built by the Lima Locomotive Works from 1925 to 1949.
The #610 was the first of the T & P's second order of 2-10-4s delivered June 1927. The I-A1's differed from the first order slightly in that they were built with American multiple-valve throttles that allowed room for their stacks to be capped with decorative flanges, a favorite detail on the T & P. The boiler pressure was also raised from 250 to 255 psi, which increased tractive effort to 84,600 pounds, plus 13,300 pounds for the booster. Photographed at Ft. Worth, Texas 27 Feb 76.- Image: Joe McMillan
The Lima "super-power" locomotives like the #610 were the first to combine a high-capacity boiler with a modern valve gear and a four-wheel trailing truck. The performance of these locomotives was unprecedented, and they were the prototype for the modern American steam locomotive through the end of the steam age for rail. Texas Pacific 610 Lima Superpower Steam Locomotive, Read More »
1928 - Milam Highrise Air Conditioned Building
The Milam Building was the first high-rise air-conditioned office building, design team was led by Willis H. Carrier, founder of the Carrier Engineering Corporation, in cooperation with architect George Willis, engineer M.L Diver, and contractor L.T. Wright and Company. The system provided 300 tons of refrigeration capacity with chilled water, piped to air-handling fans serving all floors. Milam Highrise Air Conditioned Building, Read More »
1937 - Meter-type Gas Odorizer
Created by Don A. Sillers, founder of Peerless Manufacturing, and Alexander Clarke, The Type M gas odorizer injected a precise amount of pungent liquid into the gas flow, thus established itself as a dependable, long-lasting safety device. Meter-type Gas Odorizer, Read More »
1949 - Greens Bayou Generator Plant
This outdoor design resulted in a significant reduction in the cost per KW to build the plant. Additionally, on-line lead time and maintenance was made easier and less expensive. Greens Bayou Generator Plant No. 1 - Houston Lighting & Power Company First Outdoor Steam Turbine Generator Plant A National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark, Read More »
1956 - Southern Gas Association PCRC Analog Facility
Analog computers predict physical behavior by simulating it in analogous processes instead of solving equations. This analog facility uses electricity flowing through coils, capacitors, and resistors to model the fluctuating flow of compressed fluids Southern Gas Association PCRC Analog Facility, Read More »
1958 - The World's First Integrated Circuit
Jack Kilby�s first working integrated circuit consisted of a transistor, several resistors, and a capacitor on a sliver of germanium less than half an inch long. It was a rough device by any standard. But as his oscilloscope screen showed, it worked.
Texas Instruments had already spent millions developing machinery and techniques for working with silicon, so Kilby sought a way to fabricate all of the circuit´s components, including capacitors and resistors, with a monolithic block of the same material.
He sketched a rough design of the first integrated circuit in his notebook on July 24, 1958. Texas Instruments history of the ABACUS, Read More »
1962 - Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar Apparatus
In 1949 H. Kolsky refined Hopkinson's technique by using two Hopkinson bars in series, incorporating advancements in the cathode ray oscilloscopes in conjunction with electrical condenser units to record the pressure wave propagation in the pressure bars as pioneered by RM Davies a year earlier. Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar Apparatus, Read More »
1967 Saturn V Rocket
The Saturn V carried the 45-ton Apollo spacecraft from 1967 to 1972. It also launched the 120-ton Skylab into earth orbit on May 14, 1973. It remains the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket ever brought to operational status and still holds the record for heaviest payload launched and heaviest payload capacity to Low Earth orbit. Saturn V Rocket, Read More »
1972 - ABACUS II Integrated-Circuit Wire Bonder
March 1992 ASME Awarded the ABACUS II as a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark #160.
The ABACUS II, designed and built by Texas Instruments, was the first practical automated production machine for the assembly of integrated circuits, making the economical mass production of integrated circuits a reality. Texas Instruments history of the ABACUS, Read More »
1974 - Hughes Glomar Explorer
The Hughes Glomar Explorer was built for the United States Central Intelligence Agency Special Activities Division operation "Project Azorian", to lift a 2,000-ton Soviet Golf-II class submarine, the "K-129", from the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, The K-129 was lost in April 1968 near Hawii.
Hughes Glomar Explorer (HGE) was built between 1973 and 1974 by Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. for more than $350 million at the direction of Howard Hughes for use by his company, Global Marine Development Inc. She set sail on 20 June 1974. Hughes told the media that the ship´s purpose was to extract manganese nodules from the ocean floor.
On July 20, 2006, ASME awarded "GSF Explorer" Landmark #239 at the Global SantaFe Corporation's Houston headquarters. ASME Past President Keith Thayer presented the designation to Chairman Bob Rose and project leader Curtis Crooke, retired President of Global Marine Development Company. With members of the original engineering team and ship's crew among the attendees, Thayer commented on the important contributions that the ship has made to the development of mechanical engineering and innovations in offshore drilling technology.
The secret operation "Project Azorian" became public in February 1975 when the Los Angeles Times published a story about "Project Jennifer", In 2010, "Project Azorian" was De-Classified - Hughes Glomar Explorer and Project Jenny, Read More »
1979 - Newell Shredder
Designed by Alton S. Newell, the shredder could reduced an automobile to scrap metal within minutes. Driven by a 500-hp motor, the shredder used less energy than other shredding and crushing machines.. Newell Shredder, Read More »
1996 - Digital Micromirror Device
Modulating digital light pulses using up to 2 million micromirrors.
Its development began in 1977 with the forming of a small team at Texas Instruments headed by noted physicist Larry Hornbeck. The Digital Micromirror Device (DMD) was recognized as an ASME Mechanical Engineering Historic Landmark in 2008. Read More »